Why do dogs need compounded medications

Why do dogs need compounded medications?

Our furry family members sometimes go down for the count and need some medication to help pick them up. But what happens when they won’t take a pill? Or need specialised medication? Or have to take multiple medications? The answer for you and your pet might be compounded drugs!

Compounded medications are prescribed by your vet and essentially manipulated beyond the medications originally prescribed scope. This could mean combining more than one medication into a single capsule or syringe, turning a capsule into a liquid, adding flavour to a bad tasting drug to make it more palatable, and changing the dosage rate.

When would a dog require compounded medication?

There are a lot of reasons your pup might need a compounded medication over a traditional prescription! This is especially true if there are no approved human or veterinary products currently available or appropriate for treatment. Compounded drugs can make administration significantly easier. For example, if a dog needs a pill but simply will not take it, a compounding pharmacist can turn it into a liquid in a syringe, which could be easier to get the dog to take. In another situation, if your dog needs multiple medications but does not take drugs easily, it might be beneficial to have multiple drugs compounded into one form.

Due to the nature of the medication, this decision should only be made with your veterinarian who is familiar with your dog’s condition. Your veterinarian should understand the associated risks with compounded drugs and make the decision about whether or not it is better to go untreated. But more on those risks in a minute.


Niger gov’t approves aquaculture policy to boost fish farming

The Niger State Government has approved an aquaculture policy to boost fish farming and improve investment in aquaculture activities in the state.

The Commissioner for Livestock and Fisheries, Alhaji Haruna Dukku, who disclosed this after the presentation of the policy document at the State Executive Council (SEC) meeting Minna, said USAID had already been invited by the state government to examine the aquaculture potentials of the state with a view to adding value to the policy.

“Inputs were made from the Ministry of Livestock and Fisheries, the private sector, fishery associations, as well as other stakeholders in the state.

“The policy was to provide an enabling environment for aquaculture in the state and to boost aquaculture activities and investment in Niger State,” he said.

The Niger State Agro Business Manager for USAID’s Feed the Future Nigeria Agro Business Investment Activity, Mr Nosa Osunde, who led the USAID team to present the policy document, said the policy was worked on for a couple of months.

Price of chicken, egg set to increase again

Price of chicken, egg set to increase again

By Gbenga Akinfenwa

Indications are emerging that prices of chicken and other poultry products might soon go beyond the reach of average Nigerians as farmers are struggling to breakthrough.

Nigerians felt a bit of this last December, as the cost of chicken rose to about 100 per cent, forcing many households to seek alternatives to celebrate the yuletide.

Funsho Olasoju, a resident of Egbeda in Alimosho Local Council of Lagos State told The Guardian that the same size of chicken he bought in 2021 at the rate of N7, 000 from open market was sold for N12, 000 in December.

He said: “The chicken was meant for my in-laws. In 2021, I bought seven chickens, which I distributed to people. At rate of N12, 000, I couldn’t afford to give anybody during the festive period, except my in-laws.

“For our consumption, we sought an alternative – we resorted to buying live turkey, as the price difference was not actually much.”

Mrs. Funmi Ojerinde, who resides in Abule-Egba, disclosed that the two sets of birds she met at her customer’s shop were far beyond her reach. “The two sets of chicken I saw were Broilers and Noilers, at the rate of N16, 000 and N24, 000, respectively. I was shocked. If I had enough money on me, I would have bought a sizeable goat, which shouldn’t be more than N20, 000 at the period.

“At last, I got from one of the landlords in my area at rate of N7,000, though still on the high side, I still managed to buy for my family to get something to celebrate the Christmas.”

Sadly, a crate of egg previously sold between N500 and N750, is currently tilting towards between N2, 500 and N3, 000, forcing many to abandon egg consumption.

Poultry farmers have expressed fear that prices of poultry produce might increase further in months to come if rising cost of raw materials is not addressed on time.

The Chairman, Poultry Association of Nigeria (PAN), Lagos State, Mr. Godwin Egbebe, who regretted that about 10 per cent of poultry farmers in the state are no longer in business, said the few still in operation are striving to stay afloat.

“This unpleasant development is due to high cost of raw materials for the production of feeds and other logistics. The sad news is that the price is till going up. I also mill feeds, the feed that I normally produce for N308, 000 per tonne, is now over N358, 000.

“Even selling my eggs at the farm gate price of N2, 000 per crate, is not giving me any profit. When I told my customers that I want to increase the price to N2, 100, they were begging. Will begging stop the problem? If care is not taking, one will not be able to continue with this business as a lot of our members have closed shop. About 10 per cent of poultry farmers in Lagos are no longer in business. Few of us staying put are just trying to survive.”

The State Administrative Secretary, PAN, Ogun State, Temitayo Oguntola, who also confirmed that prices of poultry produce might continue to increase, listed high cost of feed, cost of fuel and incessant kidnapping of farmers as major contributing factors to the challenges facing the industry.

Oguntola said: “The problem of the industry had persisted over the years, but the farmers have been managing it. Those who couldn’t manage are folding up. At the peak of 2022, the prices went up because of the increase in the cost of feeds caused by high cost of raw materials, especially maize and soybeans.

“More importantly, we observed that it wasn’t only agriculture sector that was affected, but the entire economy of the country was affected, especially the high dollar rate because most of the products used for feed production are imported.”

Oguntola revealed that a bag of layers mash sold for N5, 200 in January 2022, increased to N6, 600 around December, and Broilers starters mash sold for N7, 000, increased to between N10, 400 to N11, 000. “These led to high cost of poultry produce.

“For instance, a crate of egg goes for N2, 200 at the farm, for any farmer to survive, a crate will need to sell between N2, 800 to N3,000, in local areas, lets not talk of Port Harcourt, Lagos and other states.

“Due to the level of insecurity in the land, most farmers are leaving the comfort zone of their farms into other businesses. Poultry farmers were the targets of kidnapping in 2022; I can say precisely that in our association, there were more than seven kidnapping cases, some of the victims relocated to other countries. In fact, towards the end of the year – October and November, we had serious kidnapping cases where over N20m ransom were paid.”